Initial reports[ edit ] Initial reports suggested that a power surge on the Underground power grid had caused explosions in power circuits. This was later ruled out by power suppliers National Grid. Commentators suggested that the explanation had been made because of bomb damage to power lines along the tracks; the rapid series of power failures caused by the explosions or power being ended by means of switches at the locations to permit evacuation looked similar, from the point of view of a control room operator, to a cascading series of circuit breaker operations that would result from a major power surge. A couple of hours after the bombings, Home Secretary Charles Clarke confirmed the incidents were terrorist attacks.
An Examination of Suffragette Violence C. Bearman, at the University of Hull Notes: D thesis; he is now deceased. For some reason, not altogether clear, OUP has refused permission to reproduce the complete paper.
Beforethe WSPU had made only sporadic use of violence, and it was directed almost exclusively at the government and its servants. Afterit was directed increasingly at commercial concerns and then at the general public. Early inthere was a symbolic arson attempt.
Since the late s there has been a tremendous outpouring of books and articles about the militant suffragettes, which, if anything, has grown even more profuse in recent years.
Despite the revisionist scholarship of Brian Harrison and Martin Pugh, which has emphasized the role of the non-militants and drawn attention to the failure of militancy in winning the vote, it is militancy — and, in particular, the violent militancy of — which has continued to attract public attention.
The aspect which has attracted little or no attention is the issue of violence on the suffragette side, in particular the number of bomb and arson attacks, how they were organized, who carried them out and whether or not there was a threat to human life.
Bombings and fires attributed to suffragettes in national and local newspapers could easily exceedbut a definitive set of figures could only be arrived at through a major research project.
From 31 January The Suffragette almost invariably carried a page — more usually a double-page centre spread — which reported the outrages committed. During the periods when its printers were not actually faced with prosecution, it openly claimed responsibility by threatening headlines and subheadings.
On 23 August the Birmingham Daily Mail reported three fires in the greater Birmingham area, one of which was a garage fire at Handsworth in which the building was gutted and some cars destroyed. In this instance, the most probable explanation is inside information from the perpetrators.
It has been alleged that the WSPU claimed every suspicious property fire. From that comparatively early date, all the claimed incidents appear to have been seriously intended, and wild claims are conspicuous by their absence. It would have been easy for the WSPU to claim it, but the organization did not do so.
It did not even acknowledge all the offences against property known to have been committed by its membership. Edith Rigby the joint secretary of one of its branches planted a pipe bomb at the Liverpool Exchange building in July It also failed to claim many incidents in which people had been injured or human life threatened.
The consensus of historical opinion is that it did not.The events of 7 July involved the following agencies and departments, the Metropolitan Police Service, London Fire Brigade, City of London Police, London Underground, London Ambulance Service and the Gold Coordinating Group, MI5 as well as outside intelligence reports.
London bombings of , also called 7 July attacks or 7/7 attacks, coordinated suicide bomb attacks on the London transit system on the morning of July 7, At am explosions tore through three trains on the London Underground, killing The London bombings, 7 July The London bus and tube bombings, 7 July - Over 50 innocents butchered by the evil of Islamism..
Worst attack on London since WW2, Unlike Spain, Britain will not break. This killing will achieve nothing.
Interagency Coordination: A Case Study of the London Train Bombings by Kevin J. Strom, Ph.D., and Joe Eyerman, Ph.D. at the response to the London bombings. In the next issue of the. NIJ Journal, we will look further at challenges faced by British agencies in exam ned London’s response n relat on to a general coord nat on. Latest breaking news, including politics, crime and celebrity. Find stories, updates and expert opinion. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard.
a) The World Trade Center was primarily destroyed by extremely sophisticated Directed Energy Weapons (torosgazete.com).Dr. Wood, whose professional expertise includes the study of optical interferology, speculates that the destruction (molecular dissociation) of the WTC complex could have involved the interference of two types of energy in the presence of a catalyst.
Latest breaking news, including politics, crime and celebrity. Find stories, updates and expert opinion. Timeline of the London bombings; 7 July London bombings; 21 July London bombings; Jean Charles de Menezes; Reactions to the London bombings.