Visit Website Did you know? Visit Website The two superpowers plunged into one of their biggest Cold War confrontations after the pilot of an American U-2 spy plane making a high-altitude pass over Cuba on October 14,photographed a Soviet SS-4 medium-range ballistic missile being assembled for installation. President Kennedy was briefed about the situation on October 16, and he immediately called together a group of advisors and officials known as the executive committee, or ExCom. For nearly the next two weeks, the president and his team wrestled with a diplomatic crisis of epic proportions, as did their counterparts in the Soviet Union.
Until today, the puzzling events occurred in the crisis prompt numerous questions, particularly in the scientific area. This research paper, therefore, aims the conduction of illustrating the main happenings during the crisis in order to be able to analyze them by using the three Conceptual Models developed by Graham T.
Allison and Philip Zelikow. Allison and Zelikow use these models to give an adequate explanation of how the process of decision-making proceeds, taking the crisis as a case study and answering three main questions: For a better evaluation, this research paper thus, contextualizes firstly the Cuban Missile Crisis by explicating occurrences in the Cold War.
Secondly, the suspenseful thirteen days during the Cuban Missile Crisis will be illuminated. Thirdly, in the last chapter, the models are outlined and used to answer the three puzzling questions stated above. This common victory should have been a reason for celebration, however, the end of World War II and, with it, the task of reorganizing Europe called forth a great rivalry between two world superpowers — the United States and the Soviet Union.
Previously,numerous political theorists had expected exactly this outcome, as the reasons for the foundation of the Alliance were evident. On the one hand, they surely had the purpose to defeat Nazi Germany.
On the other hand, notwithstanding, all Allies saw this cooperation as a way to consolidate their position of power in the postwar world. Fearing that the Soviet Union will gain global hegemonic power by winning constantly new communist supporters, the United States established the strategy of containment.
Thereby, the United States attempted to prevent the spread of communism to any more nations.
Thus, the basis for further happenings was established. Consequently, the United States and the Soviet Union, converse in their policies, did not come to any conclusion considering the balance of power and the Cold War began.
However, the parties involved never came to a direct confrontation on a battlefield,but rather discussed issues by intervening economically and politically.
Indeed, the United States had already had developed atomic arms that could have been used against Germany in World War II, but were rather availed to destroy Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Inhowever,the Soviets developed their own atomic bomb and hence, brought the American atomic monopoly to an end.
Unfortunately, the USSR failed in their demonstration of welfare as the Red Army occupied eastern Germany in the most brutal way, ending up with the Berlin blockade in to prevent rebellion by the Germans and by that, to hinder them to change over to the enemy.
Hence, provisions were delivered in the Berlin Airliftto provide necessary sustenance and foremost, to gain not only respect and gratitude from the Germans but also relevant reputation in political global issues.
Given the fact that the U. In the following occurrences, such as the Korean War June, - July, and the Vietnam War -both superpowers continued in challenging the respectively other by hindering the establishment of its ideology.
Thus, millions of people lost their lives during this triennial war. The same conflict between the communist and capitalist parties occurred during the Vietnam War, which unfortunately lasted longer than the Korean War. North Vietnam desired to unite north and south under a communist regime such as formed by the Soviet Union.
The South, however, maintained their alliance with the United States and hence, attempted to prevent the establishment of a communist government, causing ultimately war.
Summing up, the superpowers frequently fought in order to preserve and propagate their individual policies throughout the world, though a confrontation on a battlefield never did actually happen, since neither the U. Due to these strict accords, it cast doubt whether the Cuban nation was really independent as the U.
Batista himself and his supporters were exiled from Cuba to prevent any further conflicts between the two oppositional policies.
In this way, they also hoped to diminish the threat that seemed too close. As a consequence, the American administration under John F. Fearing his leadership being gradually in danger, Fidel Castro sought help from Moscow ruled by statesman Nikita Khrushchev.
In fact, not only Castro, but also Khrushchev believed Cuba to be in the greatest danger from the United States, why this invasion has been seen to be the major cause for the following missile crisis.
We had to think up some way of confronting America with more than words. We had to establish a tangible and effective deterrent to American interference in the Caribbean. The logical answer was missiles. By this installation, Khrushchev certainly set the most dangerous provocation of all during the Cold War, culminating in the highest possibility of a nuclear face-off and hence, in a Third World War.
Hence, in the following thirteen days, John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev would decide about the existence of the human race.
Kennedy met with the Ex-Comm Executive Committee of the National Security Council to debate about possible responses considering the missiles. In their work, Graham Allison and Philip Zelikow display the alternatives that the administration considered: The danger in acting laid in the possibility of overreacting and causing a countermove by the Soviets in Berlin.
This alternative implied two ways of realization. In response, John F.The Cuban Missile Crisis in was a real showdown between the United States and the Soviet Union, standing on the verge of a nuclear world war because ofthe Soviets’ settlement of missile .
- The Cuban Missile Crisis The Cuban Missile Crisis of October was the closest the world has ever come to nuclear war. The crisis was a major confrontation between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed torosgazete.com is one of the five branches of the United States Armed Forces, and one of the seven American uniformed torosgazete.comlly established as a part of the United States Army on 1 August , the USAF was formed as a separate .
The Cuban Missile Crisis, which occurred in October , perhaps had the greatest impact of them all. The crisis was a harrowing ordeal that has had a lasting effect on the perception of nuclear. Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis (2nd Edition) [Graham Allison, Philip Zelikow] on torosgazete.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
One of the most influental political science works written in the post World War II era. The meeting brought together participants in the Cuban missile crisis from the former Soviet Union, Cuba, and the U.S.
to discuss its causes and course. This account is now available for the first time in paperback, on the 40th anniversary of the Cuban Missile Crisis.