Aristotle and aurelius essay

Silicon Valley-based Classics scholar. And on November 8th,after enduring years of mockery, months of being told that the arc of the moral universe would never let it win, the Alt-Right scored its first significant political victory:

Aristotle and aurelius essay

For a suitable donation, a question could be put to the Pythia and an answer obtained from Apollo. Since the words of the Pythia were hard to understand, the priests attending her wrote up the answer in verse and delivered it to the petitioner.

The answers were legendarily obscure or ambiguous -- the source of the modern of meaning of "oracular," which is precisely to be obscure or ambiguous. One example of the kinds of answers Delphi gave Aristotle and aurelius essay when King Croesus of Lydiaof legendary wealth, sought advice on the attack against Persia he was contemplating.

Cyrus the Great had just overthrown the Medesinand Croesus figured that this must reveal the weakness of the Median state, and that, in any case, Cyrus' new realm was bound to be disorganized for a while, giving the Lydians an opportunity to renew the war that had ended in But he was a cautious ruler, and sent a question to Delphi, asking what would happen if he attacked the Persians.

This is a revealing episode, since Croesus wasn't even a Greek. Delphi already had such a reputation. The answer that the Pythia delivered was that if Croesus attacked Cyrus, "a great kingdom will fall.

He had no idea who he was dealing with, and was defeated very swiftly indeed. Lydia became part of Persia in But Cyrus didn't kill, torture, or imprison Croesus. The former king was sent home to live in retirement, where he had the leisure to write back to Delphi and complain that he had been misled.

The priests answered his letter, telling him that what they had said was perfectly accurate. A great kingdom had indeed fallen, namely his. Croesus might have worried which kingdom the god had referred to. Another example came when the Persians invaded Greece in King Xerxes wished to avenge the defeat of his father, Darius, at the battle of Marathon in I had a student once who worked at the "Phidippides Sports Center," a sports supply store in Encino, California.

This was named after the messenger who is supposed to have run back to Athens to report the defeat of the Persians. Unfortunately, Phidippides dropped dead once he had blurted out, "Victory is ours.

The distance of a Marathon run is As it happens, the distance from Marathon to Athens is more like 19 miles 30 km. We get the difference because the distance for the event was determined inwhen the Olympics were in London, and the run was from Windsor Castle to London's Olympic Stadium.

So Phidippides didn't run nearly as far as a Marathon. Indeed, Phidippides may not have done the run at all. He or "Philippides" is mentioned by Herodotus as running to Sparta from Athens before the battle to ask for helpbut there is no account of the run from Marathon for many centuries.

And when Plutarch relates the story, he doesn't mention Phidippides. Others fled the city. Unfortunately, after the Persians had flanked and eliminated the Spartans atThermopylae "Hot gates," i. Athens, however, had just built a new fleet, under the command of Themistocles.

He figured that the "walls of wood" meant the ships and that he should try and bring the Persians to action. He drew them into an attack in the narrow waters between the island of Salamis where most Athenians had fled and the mainland. Here the large Persian fleet could not deploy to advantage, and the Athenians started getting the better of the fight.

Since most of the Persian fleet consisted of Phoenicians and Egyptians, who didn't want to be there anyway, they began to flee. Xerxes, observing from a headland, was apoplectic.

Aristotle and aurelius essay

Now, without a dangerous and humiliating march overland, his army was stranded in Greece, short of supplies.Machiavelli and the Moral Dilemma of Statecraft.

Kr.s.n.a replied "If he fights fairly, Bhîma will never succeed in gaining victory. If, however, he fights unfairly, he will surely be able to kill Duryodhana. Aristotle ( BC – BC) was a Greek philosopher, a student of Plato, and teacher of Alexander the torosgazete.com wrote on: physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater.

Lucius Annaeus Seneca, statesman, philosopher, advocate and man of letters, was born in Spain around 4BC.

He rose to prominence at Rome, pursuing a double career in the courts and political life, until Claudius sent him into exile exile on the island of Corsica for eight years. In Ethics, Aristotle argues the highest end is the human good, and claims that the highest end pursued in action is happiness.

Aristotle als. Aristotle and Aurelius Essay eudaimonia, or happiness through success and fulfillment. Following this concept Aristotle goes on to explain that through virtuosity a human being can lead a happy life.

A specter is haunting the Internet — the specter of the “alt-right.”The forces of white supremacy and toxic masculinity, fueled by a sense of entitlement dwarfed only by their inflated estimation of their own intelligence, have entered into an unholy alliance to remove feminism, political correctness, and multiculturalism from America.

Meditations On Moloch | Slate Star Codex