Alexander Luria Lev Vygotskyborn in Orsha, Russia now in Belarus inwas a psychologist who contributed mostly to developmental psychology. Vygotsky posed that in a social environment, children develop higher cognitive functions in practical activities. His theories were controversial in the Soviet Union and they remained virtually unknown, although introduced into the Western world in the s, until the s.
Hewstone defines it thus: What emerges clearly is that social psychology is seen as having the central task of explaining how the ways in which we think and behave is affected by interaction between people 1.
It is in this context that we define social psychology for the purposes of this article. Search for relevance The history of social psychology has been dogged by crises based on different approaches to understanding human behaviour.
This need is more pronounced in developing countries.
Social psychology is accused of being dominated by issues that are trivial and full of banalities4,5. Indeed, many writers have pointed out that the very usefulness and survival of the subject rests on its relevancy and practical application to the target population of study.
It has been argued that given the limited resources, social psychology can hardly afford engaging in studies and explanations that do not address concerns and issues in a very real and practically translatable relevant manner.
This becomes more pressing in third world countries where issues such as poverty, reduced life expectancy and disease are very much in evidence 6.
Much of the history of social psychology has been considered intellectual self interest at the expense of addressing real needs. Hence with poverty so rampant, issues so pressing, we can hardly afford the luxury of engaging in intellectual debate without addressing real issues.
In many ways the standards by which social psychology as a subject shall be evaluated is increasingly moving towards assessing its practical usefulness. Its very nature, being the study of individuals and social processes can add immensely to knowledge about real world issues and problems 7.
Social psychology in Africa Akin-Ogundeji argued that the history of psychology in Africa is synonymous with the history of colonialism.
The colonial era did not do much for the development of psychology with the result that psychology in Africa is not moving in keeping with the changes Africa is going through.
The empiricist approach to psychology was still largely practiced in Africa. The result has been that the output of research remains impotent in the face of complex social and economic problems. Some of the research approaches were said to be packaged or imported without direct relevance.
The emphasis must lie with the applicability of the research. Psychology must offer explanations of social change. He showed how psychology flourishes in universities, research, journals, numerous professional associations, that the field enjoys statutory recognition and graduates enjoy large occupational prospects The field of mental health has been racially segregated and facilities for blacks e.History of Social Psychology.
Aristotle believed that humans were naturally sociable, a necessity which allows us to live together (an individual centered approach), whilst Plato felt that the state controlled the individual and encouraged social responsibility through social context (a socio-centered approach).Author: Saul Mcleod.
Other influences on early psychology came from biology and physics. Charles Darwin was a naturalist whose observations while on a worldwide voyage were published in The Origin of Species in , in which he also outlined his theory of evolution. Social psychology is only a bit older than years, with most of the growth occurring during the past 6 decades.
In discussing the history of social psychology, it should be noted that there are two social psychologies, one in psychology and the other in sociology, with the larger of the two being the psychological branch.
Social Psychology Becomes an Empirical Science. The study of the human condition was considered to be the domain of philosophy until the field of social psychology was born in the late 19th century.
Keywords: social psychology, experiment, psychology. The History of Social Psychology. Introduction.
Since the beginning of time, people have been trying to determine human behavior. Psychology also has a history that has been written by many psychologists and scholars throughout time.
The early influences of psychology started with ideas. Historical Influences of Psychology by Matthew Warde Tolman September 23rd, Early Research on the Function of the Brain Sigmund Freud - Id, Ego, Superego.