The video traces the drug war from President Nixon to the draconian Rockefeller Drug Laws to the emerging aboveground marijuana market that is poised to make legal millions for wealthy investors doing the same thing that generations of people of color have been arrested and locked up for.
History of Mexican Americans Symbols of the Southwest: As early assome of the Tejanos who colonized Texas in the Spanish Colonial Period established a government in Texas that desired independence from Spanish-ruled Mexico. In those days, there was no concept of identity as Mexican. Mexico encouraged immigration from the United States to settle east Texas and, byEnglish-speaking settlers outnumbered Tejanos ten to one in the region.
Both groups were settled mostly in the eastern part of the territory. Consistent with its abolition of slavery, the Mexican government banned slavery within the state, which angered American slave owners. Schmal wrote of the effect Texas independence had on the Tejano community: His story is complex because he joined the Anglo rebels and helped defeat the Mexican forces of Santa Anna.
But later on, as Mayor of San Antonio, he and other Tejanos felt the hostile encroachments of the growing Anglo power against them.
Although the events of led to independence for the people of Texas, the Hispanic population of the state was very quickly disenfranchised, to the extent that their political representation in the Texas State Legislature disappeared entirely for several decades.
Mural in Chicano ParkSan Diego stating "All the way to the Bay" As a Spanish colony, the territory of California also had an established population of colonial settlers.
Californios is the term for the Spanish-speaking residents of modern-day California; they were the original Mexicans regardless of race and local Hispanicized Indians in the region Alta California before the United States acquired it as a territory.
In the midth century, more settlers from the United States began to enter the territory. In California, Spanish settlement began in with the establishment of the Presidio and Catholic mission of San Diego.
Settlers in California tended to stay close to the coast and outside of the California interior. The California economy was based on agriculture and livestock. In contrast to central New Spain, coastal colonists found little mineral wealth.
Some became farmers or ranchers, working for themselves on their own land or for other colonists. Government officials, priests, soldiers, and artisans settled in towns, missions, and presidios.
In effect this meant that the government took control of large and vast areas of land. These lands were eventually distributed among the population in the form of Ranchos, which soon became the basic socio-economic units of the province. Fremont arrived in Alta California with a United States force of 60 men on an exploratory expedition.
Fremont made an agreement with Comandante Castro that he would stay in the San Joaquin Valley only for the winter, then move north to Oregon. After three days of tension, Fremont retreated to Oregon without a shot being fired. With relations between Californios and Americans quickly souring, Fremont returned to Alta California, where he encouraged European-American settlers to seize a group of Castro's soldiers and their horses.
Another group seized the Presidio of Sonoma and captured Mariano Vallejo. The Tower of the Americas is visible in the background. The Americans chose William B.
Californios organized an army to defend themselves from invading American forces after the Mexican army retreated from Alta California to defend other parts of Mexico.
In turn, they were defeated after the Americans reinforced their forces in what is now southern California.
Tens of thousands of miners and associated people arrived during the California Gold Rushand their activities in some areas meant the end of the Californios' ranching lifestyle.
Many of the English-speaking 49ers turned from mining to farming and moved, often illegally, onto land granted to Californios by the former Mexican government.
An example of a Chicano-themed mural in the Richard Riordan Central Library Although the treaty promised that the landowners in this newly acquired territory would have their property rights preserved and protected as if they were citizens of the United States, many former citizens of Mexico lost their land in lawsuits before state and federal courts over terms of land grants, or as a result of legislation passed after the treaty.
They were ruined by the cost over years of having to maintain litigation to support their land titles. Following the concession of California to the United States under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexicans were repeatedly targeted by legislation that targeted their socio-economic standing in the area.
One significant instance of this is exemplified by the passage of legislation that placed the heaviest tax burden on land. The fact that there was such a heavy tax on land was important to the socio-economic standing of Mexican Americans, because it essentially limited their ability to keep possession of the Ranchos that had been originally granted to them by the Mexican government.
Trend of Mexican migration to the United States. Here the term immigrant refers to those who were not born in the U. This can include naturalized U.
A railway network was constructed that connected central Mexico to the U. The second factor was the shift in land tenure that left Mexican peasants without title or access to land for farming on their own account.
In the early 20th century, the first main period of migration to the United States happened between the s to the s, referred to as the Great Migration. While Mexican Americans are concentrated in the Southwest:The final hour of "Drug Wars" investigates the Mexican drug connection and how torosgazete.coms in the s to stem the flow of Mexican drugs were hindered by systemic corruption and collusion by high.
Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more. See world news photos and videos at torosgazete.com Drug Trafficking Outline Essay; Drug Trafficking Outline Essay.
Words Sep 30th, 5 Pages. Mexican drug trafficking. This issue is quietly growing more and more dangerous and is prompting policymakers and leaders in Mexico and the U.S.
scrambling for a solution. The best way for to address this “drug war” is to decriminalize. The new course marks a dramatic shift from his predecessor. On July 1, leftist politician Andres Manuel López Obrador—often referred to with the acronymic AMLO—won the Mexican presidency in a.
Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more. See world news photos and videos at torosgazete.com iv Chapter Outline Chapter 1: The puzzle of Mexico’s drug war Chapter 2: A theory of political decentralization and criminal violence Chapter 3: Mexico’s Drug War,