Panopticism essay summary

View Full Essay Words: Despite these difficulties in undestanding the specifics of Foucault's agument, his oveall points ae elatively easy to undestand-that society is moving towad a genealized powe stuctue that may be imposed with vey little individual involvement, simila to that of an institutionalized population such as a pison o hospital o boading school. These oveall ideas, of educing "the numbe of those who execise [powe] while inceasing the numbe of those on whom it is execised," and the pediction that this type of discipline and social stuctue…… [Read More] references and details which are not readily recognizable to the lay reader. He assumes a certain level of knowledge regarding subjects on which he is an expert, and does not fully explain these subjects for anyone who is not.

Panopticism essay summary

Panopticism essay summary

The Carceral Summary Foucault dates the completion of the carceral system to February 22, This colony is the disciplinary form at its most extreme. The chiefs and deputies at Mettray were technicians of behavior. Their task was to produce bodies that were docile and capable.

Historians of the human sciences also date the birth of scientific psychology to this time. Mettray represented the birth of a new kind of supervision. Why choose this moment as the beginning of the modern art of punishment? Mettray was the most famous of a series of carceral institutions.

If the great classical form of confinement was dismantled, it still existed albeit in a different way. A carceral continuum was constructed that included confinement, judicial punishment and institutions of discipline.

The breadth and precocity of this phenomenon was striking.

Panopticism essay summary

Prison turned the punitive procedure into a penitentiary technique, with several important results: One a slow continuous gradation was established that made it possible to move from order to offense and back to the "norm".

Two the carceral network allows the recruitment of major delinquents—the nineteenth century created channels within the system that created docility and delinquency together. Three most importantly, the carceral succeeds in making the power to punish legitimate and accepted.

The theory of the contract only partly explains the rise of a new power to punish; another answer comes from the idea of a carceral continuum that was the technical counterpart to granting a right to punish. Four the carceral allowed the emergence of a new form of law: Now, the judges of normality were everywhere; a reign of the normative exists, to which everyone subjects his body.

Postmodernism - Wikipedia

Five the carceral texture of society allows the body to be captured and observed. Six because the prison was rooted in the mechanisms and strategies of power, it could resist attempts to abolish it. This does not mean that it cannot be altered: The overall political issue of prisons is whether we should have them, or something else.

Now the problem lies in the increasing use of mechanisms of normalization and the powers attached to them. The carceral city is very different to the theater of punishment. Laws and courts do not control the prison, but vice versa. The prison is linked to a carceral network that normalizes.

Ultimately only the rules of strategy control these mechanisms.

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Foucault sees this book as a historical background to various studies of power, normalization and the formation of knowledge in society. The prison, the penitentiary and the carceral system are all put in their place.

A new way of seeing the carceral system is also suggested. The idea of a continuum, in which different levels of severity are arranged on a scale, resembles the kind of classification or ranking that is established in the process of observation. A society like ours where the carceral system operates is one in which the human sciences judge all and exclude some on the basis of norms.

This is an unchangeable fact, but it should not prevent resistance against the rule of the norm.


The carceral system is powerful and in many ways harmful, but Foucault holds out some hope of change. However, the chief agent of change is likely to be the growth of the human sciences themselves, which may one day take over some of the supervisory and observational work of the prison.

Whether this will represent a degree of progress is left uncertain.Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to lateth century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism.

The term has also more generally been applied to the historical era following modernity and the tendencies of this era. (In this context, "modern" is not used in the sense of "contemporary", but merely as a name.

Michel Foucault’s Essay, Panopticism”,Panopticon and the Society - Michel Foucault’s essay, “Panopticism”, links to the idea of “policing yourself” or many call it panopticon.

The panopticon is a prison which is shaped like a circle with a watchtower in the middle. The disciplines and panopticism are the reverse of a process by which rights are guaranteed.

From the SparkNotes Blog

The Enlightenment, which invented the liberties, also invented the disciplines. Three) what is new in the eighteenth century is the combination of disciplinary techniques. Panopticism by Michel Foucault is a French philosophical essay that explores the themes of power and discipline and how it was manipulated in the seventeenth century and how it affected society over time.

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Name Course Course instructor Date Panopticism Power and discipline has really been depicted in “Panopticism”. Measures taken to control the .

SparkNotes: Discipline and Punish: The Carceral