What are Memory Pills?
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. In course of time, a number of neurotransmitters and signaling molecules have been identified which have been considered as therapeutic targets.
Conventional as well newer molecules have been tried against these targets. In traditional practice of medicine, several plants have been reported to treat cognitive disorders.
In this review paper, we attempt to throw some light on the use of medicinal herbs to treat cognitive disorders. In this review, we briefly deal with some medicinal herbs focusing on their neuroprotective active phytochemical substances like fatty acids, phenols, alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, terpenes etc.
The resistance of neurons to various stressors by activating Potential cognitive and memory enhancing property signal transduction pathways and transcription factors are also discussed.
It was observed in the review that a number of herbal medicines used in Ayurvedic practices as well Chinese medicines contain multiple compounds and phytochemicals that may have a neuroprotective effect which may prove beneficial in different neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders.
Though the presence of receptors or transporters for polyphenols or other phytochemicals of the herbal preparations, in brain tissues remains to be ascertained, compounds with multiple targets appear as a potential and promising class of therapeutics for the treatment of diseases with a multifactorial etiology.
It is made up of neurons and neuroglia, the neurons being responsible for sending and receiving nerve impulses or signals. The microglia and astrocytes are essential for ensuring proper functioning of neurons.
They are quick to intervene when neurons become injured or stressed. As they are sentinels of neuron well-being, pathological impairment of microglia or astrocytes could have devastating consequences for brain function.
It is assumed that neuroglial activation is largely determined by neuronal signals. Depending on how severe a degree of neuronal injury, neuroglia will either nurse the injured neurons into regeneration or kill them if they are not viable.
These types of neuroglial responses are considered to represent normal physiological and neuroprotective responses. In contrast, some processes that are chronic in nature persistently activate neuroglia eventually causing a failure in their physiological ability to maintain homeostasis.
This could have detrimental consequences and may lead to bystander damage due to neuroglial dysfunction. Neurodegeneration is a process involved in both neuropathological conditions and brain ageing.
The latter motivates research efforts to identify the mechanisms of neuronal death and to discover new compounds to control them. The past decade has also witnessed an intense interest in herbal medicines in which phytochemical constituents can have long-term health promoting or medicinal qualities.
In contrast, many medicinal plants exert specific medicinal actions without serving a nutritional role in the human diet and may be used in response to specific health problems over short- or long-term intervals. Phytochemicals present in vegetables and fruits are believed to reduce the risk of several major diseases including cardiovascular diseases, cancers as well as neurodegenerative disorders.
Therefore people who consume higher vegetables and fruits may be at reduced risk for some of diseases caused by neuronal dysfunction. Now, as increasing evidence indicates that neuroglia-derived chronic inflammatory responses play a pathological role in the central nervous system, anti-inflammatory herbal medicine and its constituents are being proved to be a potent neuroprotector against various brain pathologies.
Structural diversity of medicinal herbs makes them a valuable source of novel lead compounds against therapeutic targets that are newly discovered by genomics, proteomics, and high-throughput screening.
This review will highlight the importance of phytochemicals on neuroprotective function and other related disorders, in particular their mechanism of action and therapeutic potential.
Drugs to improve neurofunction generally work by altering the balance of particular chemicals neurotransmitters in the brain. Some acts by selective enhancement of cerebral blood flow, cerebral oxygen usage metabolic rate and cerebral glucose metabolic rate in chronic impaired human brain function i.
Number of medicines are derived from the medicinal plants and have shown memory enhancing properties by virtue of their bioactive phytochemical constituents. One of the mechanisms suggested to dementia is decreased cholinergic activity in brain.
Therefore, cholinergic drugs of plant origin like: Stimulants or nootropics e. Herbal products contain complicated mixtures of organic chemicals, which may include fatty acids, sterols, alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, saponins, tannins, terpenes and so forth.
Roughly one-quarter to one-half of current pharmaceuticals originally were procured from plants. Identification and characterization of new medicinal plants to cure neurodegenerative diseases and brain injuries resulting from stroke is the major and increasing scientific interest in recent years.
There are more than traditional medicines that are being used for the therapy of Central Nervous System CNS disorders in Asian countries.Plant Description The Yellow green-tinted resin tears of Boswellia Dalzielii.
The Boswellia dalzielii tree is usually found in the savannas of Western Africa, growing up to about 13 meters in height. It has small white fragrant flowers which bloom when the tree becomes leafless. Nootropics (/ n oʊ. ə ˈ t r ɒ p ɪ k s / noh-ə-TROP-iks) (colloquial: smart drugs and cognitive enhancers) are drugs, supplements, and other substances that may improve cognitive function, particularly executive functions, memory, creativity, or motivation, in healthy individuals.
While many substances are purported to improve cognition, research is at a preliminary stage as of , and. The guggulipid shows potential cognitive enhancer for improvement memory in scopolamine induced memory deficits (Gunjan saxena et al., ).
The gum resin It shows memory enhancing property on treating dementia. Centella Asiatica inhibit the memory impairment induced by scopolamine through the.
Infants, toddlers, and preschoolers are now growing up in environments saturated with a variety of traditional and new technologies, which they are adopting at increasing rates.
Although there has been much hope for the educational potential of interactive media for young children, accompanied by.
Request PDF on ResearchGate | Ginseng: Potential for the enhancement of cognitive performance and mood | Ginseng has been used medicinally in the Far East for several millennia and is currently.
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