Print Diagnosis Diagnosing fetal alcohol syndrome requires expertise and a thorough assessment.
ShareCompartir Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders FASDs are a group of conditions that can occur in a person whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy.
These effects can range from mild to severe. They can affect each person in different ways and can include physical problems and problems with behavior and learning.
The term FASDs is not intended as a clinical diagnosis. CDC worked with a group of experts and organizations to review the research and develop guidelines for diagnosing fetal alcohol syndrome FAS. The guidelines were developed for FAS only. Clinical and scientific research on these conditions is going on now.
There is no one test to diagnose FAS, and many other disorders can have similar symptoms. Following is an overview of the diagnostic guidelines for FAS. For more detail, see the full text Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Guidelines for Referral and Diagnosis for healthcare providers and other clinicians.
These criteria have been simplified for a general audience. They are listed here for information purposes and should be used only by trained health care professionals to diagnose or treat FAS. Healthcare professionals look for the following signs and symptoms when diagnosing FAS: Abnormal facial features A person with FAS has three distinct facial features: Smooth ridge between the nose and upper lip smooth philtrum Thin upper lip Short distance between the inner and outer corners of the eyes, giving the eyes a wide-spaced appearance.
Growth problems Children with FAS have height, weight, or both that are lower than normal at or below the 10th percentile.
These growth issues might occur even before birth. For some children with FAS, growth problems resolve themselves early in life.
Central nervous system problems The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord. It controls all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of the nervous system, a person can have trouble moving, speaking, or learning. He or she can also have problems with memory, senses, or social skills.
There are three categories of central nervous system problems: Structural FAS can cause differences in the structure of the brain. Signs of structural differences are: Neurologic There are problems with the nervous system that cannot be linked to another cause.
Examples include poor coordination, poor muscle control, and problems with sucking as a baby. To be diagnosed with FAS, a person must have: Or Problems in at least three of the following areas: Executive functioning deficits These deficits involve the thinking processes that help a person manage life tasks.
Such deficits include poor organization and planning, lack of inhibition, difficulty grasping cause and effect, difficulty following multistep directions, difficulty doing things in a new way or thinking of things in a new way, poor judgment, and inability to apply knowledge to new situations.
Motor functioning delays These delays affect how a person controls his or her muscles. Examples include delay in walking gross motor skillsdifficulty writing or drawing fine motor skillsclumsiness, balance problems, tremors, difficulty coordinating hands and fingers dexterityand poor sucking in babies.
Problems with social skills A child with social skills problems might lack a fear of strangers, be easily taken advantage of, prefer younger friends, be immature, show inappropriate sexual behaviors, and have trouble understanding how others feel.To overcome this problem of detecting actual heroin use, life outcomes in fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol effects.
Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 5(4), 2. Streissguth AP, Barr HM, Kogan J, et al., Understanding the occurrence of The Leader in Newborn Toxicology.
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a group of conditions that can occur in a person whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy. These effects can range from mild to severe. They can affect each person in different ways and can include physical problems and problems with behavior and learning.
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the most serious type of FASD. People with fetal alcohol syndrome have facial abnormalities, including wide-set and narrow eyes, growth problems and nervous system abnormalities. Diagnosing FASD can be hard because there is no medical test for it.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is the most severe of these disorders. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), "to prevent FASDs, a woman should not drink alcohol while she is pregnant, or when she might get pregnant.
Preventing Fetal Alcohol Syndrome for a Healthy Pregnancy By Kristi Dively, D.O., Retreat Premier Addiction Treatment Centers.
January For many moms, their biggest priority is seeing their kids grow up happy and healthy. early detection and treatment are the key to reducing symptoms and helping children grow and develop to .
When a pregnant woman drinks alcohol, some of it passes to the fetus. Alcohol can prevent enough nutrition and oxygen from getting to the fetus’s vital organs.
Fetal alcohol syndrome can result.