By doing so he outstandingly demarked the French colonisation of Mauritius from the Dutch who inadvertently discovered and later colonised the island before eventually abandoning it for good. Malo, Brittany, France arrived in the island on 4 June Though he had very elementary schooling he was a prosperous trader and highly ranked as an eminent sailor and soldier. He was also an engineer in shipbuilding and in the construction of forts.
At that time, rivalries among European powers to establish their supremacy in the Indian Ocean were intense. In the French came to know that the Dutch were to definitely abandon the island when some of their ships called for supplies. The news was diligently relayed to France.
On 5 AprilDenis de Nyon, an engineer specialised in the design and construction of fortified buildings for military use, was nominated as governor of the island by the directors of the Compagnie des Indes - the vassal of the King of France. He arrived with a batch of settlers from Brittany, France.
Two days later he was installed as the new governor of Isle de France in the presence of Le Toullec du Rongoult who came with a group of 16 persons from Bourbon on 1 December to start colonising Mauritius.
Le Toullec du Rongoult was nominated as the governor of Isle de France by the governing body of Bourbon - the Conseil Provincial - before the arrival of de Nyon.
Controlling Mauritius was a strategic move for the French and Bourbon was an important base from which they colonised the island. A rival maritime power in Isle de France would have constituted a direct threat to their supremacy in the region and to the development of Bourbon where they were growing Arabian coffee trees — a precious crop at that time.
The French settlers in Mauritius brought in people from Africa, Madagascar and India to work as artisans, slaves or sailors. These people, along with slaves who fled to the forests during the Dutch's presence in the island, formed the original core population of Mauritius.
Life of the French Settlers in Mauritius during the early years of French Colonisation The newly settled French colonists in Mauritius were basically confronted with the same challenges as the Dutch who attempted to colonise the island.
The colonial system relied heavily on slavery for the development of Mauritius and the thriving of its economy. People brought in from Madagascar and Africa to toil in servitude were inhumanely treated by their masters. Many revolted against the colonists and were consequently severely punished or atrociously executed.
Others fled to the forests and organised themselves into leading a guerrilla warfare against the French settlers. To counteract the attacks of the fugitives referred to as esclaves marrons - marooned slavesFrench soldiers and colonists led armed expeditions in the forests of Isle de France.
Much blood and gore have been shed in these conflicts! To exacerbate the prevailing state of affairs, basic necessities of life were scarce. Severe climatic conditions, huge swarms of locusts and rats destroyed crops.
Violent cyclonic gusts blew down thatched habitations; clothes and shoes were barely available as the company shipped essential supplies only sparingly. The French settlers in Mauritius, who were supposed to cultivate the land, frequently fought among themselves.
Many among them, far from being skilled farmers, were alcoholics, illiterates and accustomed to a life of violence. Soldiers of the Compagnie Suisse mercenaries recruited by the French from Switzerland complained about low wages, indiscipline among officers and assigning them duties not stipulated in their contract of engagement with the Compagnie des Indes.
They often balked at orders and mutinied. All people assembled here, whether willingly or through coercion, for the development of Mauritius Isle de France suffered much hardship.
If there were one struggle that was common to all — French settlers in Mauritius, slaves, soldiers and workers alike — it was undoubtedly the fight for survival. By Januarybarely one year after the first French settlers arrived in Mauritius, the colony was on the verge of famine and its foundations were collapsing.
Many colonists and French workers, including Governor De Nyon, engulfed in dispiritedness and despair wanted to return back to France. He also recommended to the Compagnie des Indes that family life should be the foundation of the colony.
Peasant girls were also sent from Brittany, France to marry the numerous bachelors of Isle de France. Several marriages were celebrated and the newly established couples were granted land concessions. Despite all the good will and efforts put in by the population of Isle de France to consolidate the colony, its foundations and economy were still fragile.
In the island was faced with a famine situation. The French settlers and slaves alike relied on fishing and hunting to survive. Due to the intervention of governor Dumas, who requisitioned the rice cargoes on board of two ships berthed in the port, the population was spared from a possible starvation.
Nicolas de Maupin succeeded Dumas as governor of the island. He arrived on 20 April Being a man of violent character he often matched dissenting colonists and soldiers brutally. The French settlers in Mauritius disliked him and many petitioned his superiors repeatedly to denounce his allegedly authoritarian administration.France, fascinating and romantic, with historic cities, castles and fairy tale French villas scattered over beautiful countryside.
Magnificent forests running down to long sandy beaches, mile upon mile of sandy shoreline lapped by tranquil warm water. Holiday cottages in Paris and other areas of Ile de France are never far from the countryside as 80 percent of the region is natural land.
Some of the delightful villages include Dampierre and Châteaufort, both the setting for some exquisite châteaux built between the 12th and 16th century. An incredible presentation on the History of Slavery with Lots of Pictures of Slaves and Historic Documents History of Slavery This Site: Slavery Home.
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I was born in France, and my mother comes from the island of Guadeloupe, an overseas department in the French Caribbean. The history of France’s colonial empire was, until recently, largely.
However, the resultant decree was implemented in only Saint Domingue, Guadeloupe, and Guyana; it remained a dead letter in Martinique, Senegal, Réunion, Ile de France (Mauritius), and French India.