Permalink Reuters Photo A newly unearthed essay by Winston Churchill shows Britain's wartime leader was uncannily prescient about the possibility of alien life on planets orbiting stars other than the Sun. The page article was drafted on the eve of World War Two in and updated in the s, decades before astronomers discovered the first extra-solar planets in the s. Yet Churchill pinpointed issues dominating today's debate about extraterrestrial life, proving that the former prime minister "reasoned like a scientist", according to an analysis of his work published in the journal Nature on Wednesday.
Life in the s Courtesy of Rolling Stone The eighties were a decade where style reigned supreme, and few artists had as much style as Madonna. Her hit "Material Girl" spoke volumes about what is remembered as an image-driven decade. One major transformation was the new, expanded role of television.
Cable television, although available in the s, became standard for most American households. This change ushered in a whole host of new programming. Nickelodeon catered to the children of the baby boomers with youth-centered daily programming, and to the boomers themselves by broadcasting reruns of classic sitcoms at night.
Americans could catch up with the news at any time by watching CNN. MTV, or Music Television, brought a revolution to the recording industry.
MTV broadcast music video interpretations of popular songs. Stars like Madonna and Michael Jackson were much more able to convey an image as well as music.
Madonna's "Material Girl" message typified the values of an increasingly materialistic decade. Rude, crude, and with a bad attitude, the "Garbage Pail Kids" collector cards took the U. With names like "Potty Scotty" and "Barfin' Barbara," these kids were a reaction to one of the decades other fads — the Cabbage Patch Kids.
The videocassette recorder VCR allowed Americans to record television shows and watch them according to their own schedule and view feature films in the privacy of their own homes.
Perhaps the product that introduced the greatest change in American lifestyles of the s was the personal computer. Introduced by Apple inthe personal computer allowed management of personal finances, quick word-processing, and desktop publishing from the home.
Businesses could manage payroll, mailing lists, and inventories from one small machine. Gone were the ledgers of the past. The Silicon Valley of California, which was the home to many of the firms that produced the processors that made these computers run, became the symbolic heart of the American technological economy.
With the growing economy, many middle-class Americans rushed to invest in the bullish stock market and to flaunt their newly acquired wealth. Young Urban Professionals, or yuppies, replaced the socially conscious hippie of the previous generation of youth.
Yuppies sought executive track jobs in large corporations and spent their money on upscale consumer products like Ray-Ban sunglasses, Polo apparel, and Mercedes and BMW automobiles. The health and fitness industry exploded as many yuppies engaged in regular fitness routines.
The computing revolution of the s began with the introduction of the Apple II series. Sometimes referred to as the "Model-T" of computers, the Apple II allowed businesses to streamline operations and brought the wonders of digital data management into the home.
The hedonism of the s was being re-evaluated. Many drugs, which were considered recreational in the '70s, were revealed as addictive, deadly substances. As reports of celebrities entering rehabilitation centers and the horrors of drug-ridden inner cities became widely known, First Lady Nancy Reagan's message to "Just Say No" to drugs became more powerful.
Regardless, newer and more dangerous substances like crack cocaine exacerbated the nation's drug problem. This deadly disease was most commonly communicated by sexual contact and the sharing of intravenous needles. With the risks of promiscuous behavior rising to a mortal level, monogamy and "safe sex" with condoms were practiced more regularly.
While greed may have been rewarded in the '80s, lust, be it for drugs or sex, proved fatal for thousands.Public sphere in Latin America: A map of the historiography Pablo Piccato Columbia University References to the “public sphere” appear increasingly often in studies of Latin American.
The s were one of the most creative periods in modern man’s history. Whether it was due to experimentation with drugs or anger over the Vietnam War, the s were an overwhelming decade. The Assassinations of JFK and MLK shocked the US. The Beatles came across the . For more than two decades political scientists have discussed rising elite polarization in the United States, but the study of mass po- larization did not receive comparable attention until fairly recently.
Therefore, in this essay, I am going to compare/contrast the author’s purpose, the difference in their use of descriptive language, and the impact on the reader’s that each author intended to accomplish through the essay that they wrote.
AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK, NEW YORK • () continued to turn a blind eye to widespread abuses extending over many decades. This led to income taxes were frequently lifted during the s to address budgetary problems. Aug 22, · By the s American fertility had rebounded, rising back to just below the mark.
Nobody quite knows why. Some of the recovery was the result of .