Inthe first radio station that was commercial started and radios became a huge hit broadcasting news, entertainment, and advertisements. By ten million houses had radios, there were stations, and sales reached million dollars.
Introduction On a sunny day in early MarchWarren G. Harding took the oath to become the twenty-ninth president of the United States. Then, between andnearly seven hundred thousand Americans died in a flu epidemic that hit nearly 20 percent of the American population.
Waves of labor strikes, meanwhile, hit soon after the war. Anarchists and others sent more than thirty bombs through the mail on May 1, After wartime controls fell, the economy tanked and national unemployment hit 20 percent.
Harding could hardly deliver the peace that he promised, but his message nevertheless resonated among a populace wracked by instability. The mass production and consumption of automobiles, household appliances, film, and radio fueled a new economy and new standards of living. New mass entertainment introduced talking films and jazz while sexual and social restraints loosened.
The s were a decade of conflict and tension. Republican White House, To deliver on his promises of stability and prosperity, Harding signed legislation to restore a high protective tariff and dismantled the last wartime controls over industry.
A sour postwar economy led elites to raise the specter of the Russian Revolution and sideline not just the various American socialist and anarchist organizations but nearly all union activism.
During the s, the labor movement suffered a sharp decline in memberships. Workers lost not only bargaining power but also the support of courts, politicians, and, in large measure, the American public.
For instance, Henry C. Herbert Hoover, the popular head and administrator of the wartime Food Administration and a self-made millionaire, was made secretary of commerce. To satisfy business interests, the conservative businessman Andrew Mellon became secretary of the treasury.
Known as the Teapot Dome scandal named after the nearby rock formation that resembled a teapotinterior secretary Albert Fall and navy secretary Edwin Denby were eventually convicted and sent to jail.
But then, in AugustHarding died suddenly of a heart attack and Vice President Calvin Coolidge ascended to the highest office in the land.
Congress, for instance, had already begun to reduce taxes on the wealthy from wartime levels of 66 percent to 20 percent, which Coolidge championed.
The s, for instance, represented a time of great activism among American women, who had won the vote with the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in Female voters, like their male counterparts, pursued many interests.
Concerned about squalor, poverty, and domestic violence, women had already lent their efforts to prohibition, which went into effect under the Eighteenth Amendment in January After that point, alcohol could no longer be manufactured or sold. Other reformers urged government action to ameliorate high mortality rates among infants and children, provide federal aid for education, and ensure peace and disarmament.
They organized private events, like the tea party pictured here, and public campaigning, such as the introduction of the Equal Rights Amendment to Congress, as they continued the struggle for equality.
National politics in the s were dominated by the Republican Party, which held not only the presidency but both houses of Congress as well. In a note passed to American reporters, Coolidge announced his decision not to run in the presidential election of Republicans nominated Herbert Hoover, an orphan from Iowa who graduated from Stanford, became wealthy as a mining engineer, and won a deserved reputation as a humanitarian for his relief efforts in famine-struck, war-torn Europe.
Running against Hoover was Democrat Alfred E. Smith, the four-time governor of New York and the son of Irish immigrants.
Hoover focused on economic growth and prosperity. He had served as secretary of commerce under Harding and Coolidge and claimed credit for the sustained growth seen during the s; Hoover claimed in that America had never been closer to eliminating poverty.
Many Protestant ministers preached against Smith and warned that he would be enthralled to the pope. Hoover won in a landslide. Even several solidly Democratic southern states pulled the lever for a Republican for the first time since Reconstruction. The book, which was based on one of the earliest surveys of American buying habits, advised manufacturers and advertisers how to capture the purchasing power of women, who, according to Frederick, accounted for 90 percent of household expenditures.
The consumer change she studied had resulted from the industrial expansion of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.Search.
The year is New York is ruled by the Bright Young Things: flappers and socialites seeking thrills and chasing dreams in the anything-goes era of the Roaring Twenties. s fashion is still famous because it was a huge shift from the previous era.
Society changed quickly after World War 1: customs, technology, manufacturing all rocketed into the 20th century. In the Roaring Twenties, a surging economy created an era of mass consumerism, as Jazz-Age flappers flouted Prohibition laws and .
Image Credit: (dot) wikipedia (dot) org. After being in production for 18 long years, Ford’s trademark Model T was replaced with a new model called Model A that came in a wide variety of sizes. The Roaring 20s The s are most commonly known as the roaring 20s due to the many changes and revolutions during this decade.
Women were issued the right to vote at the end of the previous decade and there was a strong resurgence of nativism that led to progressivism and social freedom.