This research project involved a qualitative approach, focusing on abductive discovery and phenomenological critique. From constructivist theory, the core ordering processes of reality, identity, power, value, and relatedness were used to interpret a subject's TAT narratives. The author of the study chose one subject from the three with which he worked to present a case study. Chapter One of the research project reviews the literature of both TAT studies and constructivist theory.
This test was published in and is still widely used today.
Being able to look at a photo card as a stimulus for storytelling was a breakthrough for personality testing. This test has its share of controversy as far as reliability, validity and cultural implications.
Key words; thematic, validity, reliability, personality.
We will also look at the validity, strengths and weakness, and multicultural aspects of the test. There was a lot of controversy over who the author really was. Christina Morgan was originally cited as the senior author when the Series B cards came out but later removed Morgan, The test had been through three revisions and had a rough start.
The goal of this test is to get a person to respond to indistinct stimuli so their personality could be better understood Frey.
|Related BrainMass Content||Proponents of the technique assert that subjects' responses, in the narratives they make up about ambiguous pictures of people, reveal their underlying motives, concerns, and the way they see the social world. Murray and lay psychoanalyst Christiana D.|
By using this method, the therapist hope one would divulge and emotions that they are not showing and any internal conflicts Frey. When the test first was published, it consists of a set of cards with pictures glued to them, mostly of people.
Later more cards were created with pictures drawn in preparation for more use.
The Thematic Apperception Test is a subjective technique that stems directly from psychoanalytic theory and was developed by Henry A. Murray () in the first half of the 20th century to assess various unconscious motives, repressed drives, and psychological conflicts. The thematic apperception test (TAT) is a projective personality test that was designed at Harvard in the s by Christiana D. Morgan and Henry A. Murray. Along with the MMPI and the Rorschach, the TAT is one of the most widely used psychological tests. A projective test is one in which a person's. Thematic apperception test (TAT) is a projective psychological torosgazete.coments of the technique assert that subjects' responses, in the narratives they make up about ambiguous pictures of people, reveal their underlying motives, concerns, and the way they see the social world. Historically, the test has been among the most widely researched, taught, and used of such techniques.
These cards were modified over time to decrease the complexity and details in order to increase ambiguity Morgan, The authors were probably trying to raise the likelihood of projective identification Morgan, The purpose of the test is to evaluate personality in conjunction with other test.
The TAT can also be helpful to individuals when it comes to understanding their own personality in with greater intensity and adding to that information in making significant life decisions. There is not a standardize set of rules for the TAT. The set of cards that are used are up to the clinician and the test is not timed.
Also they should make sure the room is quiet, and free of distractions. Murray intends for each person to be given twenty cards but due to time constraints, most people give ten to fourteen cards.
Individuals are given cards and are told to tell a story about the cards. They have to tell what led them to their conclusion about the card. The stories have to have three parts, beginning, middle and end. The final card they are given is a blank card and they are told to make up their own story with the same information as the previous cards.
Examples of the cards are a girl standing alone looking as if she had been frightened, and a young man and older man standing together with the older man pointing as if making a point or arguing with the younger man.
The directions can be modified for children and adults with limited intelligence.Contrast of personality measurement instruments. I need to indentify the following for the Myers-Briggs, Thematic Apperception Test and self-help books.
Description: The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) is, along with the Rorschach, among the most widely used, researched, and taught projective tests in existence.
It consists of a series of pictures of relatively ambiguous scenes to which subjects are requested to make up stories or fantasies concerning what is, has, and is going to happen.
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3. STUDY. PLAY. Thematic Apperception Test. Reliability and validity data tend to be Mixed. To respond to concerns about Reliability &Validity of the Test, John Exner developed a Standardized Version of the Rorschach inkblot Test called the_____ System.
Thematic Apperception Test: A Note on Reliability and Situational Validity References; Citations The Reliability of the Thematic Apperception Test. Allan Lundy. Journal of Personality Assessment. Volume 49, - Issue 2. Published online: 10 Jun The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) is a projective psychological test.
Proponents of the technique assert that subjects' responses, the absence of standardization or norms make it difficult to compare the results of validity and reliability research across studies. The Thematic Apperception Test was also found unacceptable by 82% of psychologists.
It is my opinion that at the very least, information and conclusions drawn from the TAT and projective drawings be stricken from any psychological report submitted to any court due .