This Access Center resource is intended to help teachers implement writing instruction that will lead to better writing outcomes for students with and without writing difficulties.
William Shakespeare 's will, written in secretary hand  Cursive writing was used in English before the Norman conquest. Anglo-Saxon Charters typically include a boundary clause written in Old English in a cursive script.
A cursive handwriting style— secretary hand —was widely used for both personal correspondence and official documents in England from early in the 16th century. Cursive handwriting developed into something approximating its current form from the 17th century, but its use was neither uniform, nor standardized either in England itself or elsewhere in the British Empire.
In the English colonies of the early 17th century, most of the letters are clearly separated in the handwriting of William Bradfordthough a few were joined as in a cursive hand. In England itself, Edward Cocker had begun to introduce a version of the French ronde style, which was then further developed and popularized throughout the British Empire in the 17th and 18th centuries as round hand by John Ayers and William Banson.
However, a few days later, Timothy Matlack professionally re-wrote the presentation copy of the Declaration in a fully joined, cursive hand.
Eighty-seven years later, in the middle of the 19th century, Abraham Lincoln drafted the Gettysburg Address in a cursive hand that would not look out of place today. Note that not all such cursive, then or now, joined all of the letters within a word. Cursive handwriting from the 19th-century USA.
In both the British Empire and the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries, before the typewriter, professionals used cursive for their correspondence.
This was called a "fair hand", meaning it looked good, and firms trained their clerks to write in exactly the same script. In the early days[ when? In the midth century, most children were taught the contemporary cursive; in the United States, this usually occurred in second or third grade around ages seven to nine.
Few simplifications appeared as the middle of the 20th century approached. It was motivated by the claim that cursive instruction was more difficult than it needed to be: Because of this, a number of various new forms of cursive italic appeared, including Getty-Dubayand Barchowsky Fluent Handwriting.
In the 21st century, some of the surviving cursive writing styles are SpencerianPalmer MethodD'Nealianand Zaner-Bloser script. See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for suggestions.
One of the earliest forms of new technology that caused the decline of handwriting was the invention of the ballpoint penpatented in by John Loud. With their design, it was guaranteed that the ink would not smudge, as it would with the earlier design of pen, and it no longer required the careful penmanship one would use with the older design of pen.
After World War II, the ballpoint pen was mass-produced and sold for a cheap price, changing the way people wrote. Over time the emphasis of using the style of cursive to write slowly declined[ quantify ], only to be later impacted by other technologies such as the phone, computer, and keyboard.
The Fairfax Education Association, the largest teachers' union in Fairfax County, Virginia, has called cursive a "dying art". Many consider cursive too tedious to learn and believe that it is not a useful skill. Only 12 percent of teachers reported having taken a course in how to teach it.Sample Journal Entry Below is a sample journal entry for a typical day in the life of a girl in the present.
Follow this same type of format to write your journal entries about the mids. Notice how the journal entry describes everyday tasks and technologies about our present day. Explain to the class that journal writing is much more than simply keeping a diary.
People from many different cultures have written in journals for many different reasons, including personal reflection, record keeping, scientific observation, cultural analysis, and travel documentation.
Qualities of strong writing instruction. In order for teachers to support all students' writing ability development, certain qualities of the writing classroom must be present.
The Purdue Writing Lab Purdue University students, faculty, and staff at our West Lafayette, IN campus may access this area for information on the award-winning Purdue Writing Lab.
This area includes Writing Lab hours, services, and contact information. I have been on hiatus from doing out-of-state teacher trainings recently for two reasons: 1) I'm writng a book on teaching writing, and 2) I'm preparing to retire from the classroom at . When you need an example written by a student, check out our vast collection of free student models.
Scroll through the list, or search for a mode of writing such as “explanatory” or “persuasive.